Keystone pipeline
The uncompleted Keystone Pipeline System is intended to transport Canadian tar sands oil through our northern states to refineries in Texas. Tar sands oil is not like the typical petroleum pumped from Saudi Arabia or Texas. Extracting and refining this type of oil requires vast amounts of heat, water and chemicals. Three barrels of water are required to extract a single barrel of tar sands oil. This water comes from rivers and underground aquifers. Nearly all of the 2.4 million gallons of toxic waste water generated from this process each day must be held in large tailing pools where it can migrate into surface and ground water supplies. Keystone would cross six states and several major rivers including the Yellowstone, Missouri and Red Rivers. It is also located near the Ogallala Aquifer which supplies water to 25% of America’s irrigated land and drinking water for two million Americans. When tar sands oil spills into a waterway, it is much more difficult to clean up than conventional oil since it sinks rather than floats. In fact, there is currently no proven method for cleaning up this type of spill. In 2010, a million gallons of tar sands oil spilled from a pipeline into Michigan’s Kalamazoo River. After spending more than 4 years and a billion dollars in cleanup efforts, nearly 40 miles of the Kalamazoo is still contaminated. Keystone supporters say this project will create jobs and reduce our dependence on imported oil. Opponents say dirty tar sands oil is an example of the type of material which must be left in the ground if climate change is to be controlled. However, a State Department report downplayed the impact Keystone would have on climate change, or containing the expansion of Canada’s vast oil sands, saying that if Keystone is cancelled, this oil will instead be shipped by rail. The Obama administration has repeatedly delayed its decision on whether to proceed with building the Keystone pipeline.

Pending Legislation:
H.R.28 - Keystone For a Secure Tomorrow Act

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Poll Opening Date
May 21, 2020
Poll Closing Date
May 27, 2020

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