The Renewable Fuel Standard requires us to use 7.5 billion gallons of renewable fuels such as ethanol each year. Ethanol is distilled from corn and blended into gasoline to help it burn cleaner and reduce the amount of gasoline used. There is about one gallon of ethanol in every 10 gallons of gasoline we buy. More than 13 billion gallons of ethanol will be produced this year. Producing ethanol consumes about 40% of our nation's corn crop and about three gallons of water for every gallon of fuel produced. Advocates say higher food prices result from the competition between those interested using corn for food and those who wish to process it into fuel. This competition especially hurts the developing countries to which we export this crop. Critics claim it is unethical to use food as fuel. Ethanol supporters say this biofuel helps our corn farmers, reduces both our greenhouse gas emissions and our dependence on foreign oil, and exerts downward pressure on oil prices. Opponents claim ethanol is not a net energy saver since it uses more energy to produce than the gasoline it saves. Others note that our increased domestic production of oil and gas minimizes the argument that we need ethanol to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. And since the ethanol industry exported more than 800 million gallons of ethanol in 2014, some question the need for the Renewable Fuel Standard if ethanol is competitive on the global market.

Pending Legislation:
H.R.704 - RFS Reform Act of 2015
H.R.703 - Renewable Fuel Standard Elimination Act

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Poll Opening Date
May 21, 2020
Poll Closing Date
May 27, 2020

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