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These are the original issues in this subcategory
  • PLANETARY DEFENSE
  • EXTRATERRESTRIALS
  • SPACE EXPLORATION
Winning Issue » SPACE EXPLORATION


Our space program has achieved many major milestones over the last 50 years. We have safely landed men on the moon, placed the Hubble telescope in orbit, developed the space shuttle, helped construct the international space station, landed 4 rovers on Mars and sent robotic spacecraft to the far reaches of our solar system and beyond. Some support sending astronauts back to the moon to establish a semi-permanent base for future manned missions to Mars and other destinations. Our next generation of spacecraft, called the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle, is somewhat similar in design to our Apollo-era spacecraft. The deep-space capable Orion consists of a cargo launch vehicle and a crew exploration vehicle. It accommodates 4 to 6 crewmembers and, like Apollo, Orion will reenter Earth’s atmosphere using parachutes and a heat shield. Orion’s first manned test flight is scheduled for 2023. Ultimately, a modified version of the Orion spacecraft is expected to take astronauts to the moon in the mid-2020s and perhaps to Mars thereafter. Analysts estimate the cost of building these vehicles and constructing a lunar base to be at least $130 billion. Opponents say the money used for these projects could be better spent here on Earth.

Some scientists have questioned the need for a lunar base and the wisdom of manned deep-space exploration. They say many obstacles must first be overcome before subjecting humans to prolonged space travel in microgravity environments. These obstacles include bone-density loss, sleep problems, radiation exposure and psychological adjustment issues. The damage from micro-meteors traveling at thousands of miles per hour and impacting a spacecraft has also not been addressed. Space travel supporters claim a lunar way-station used as a fuel depot and manufacturing site to stage longer missions, makes sense. They claim it would further our knowledge of the long-term effects of low gravity and space radiation on human physiology. They also say the moon’s water resources will facilitate this effort. Opponents argue that manned space exploration is not worth the risk to human life when robotic missions can accomplish more and at a much lower cost. NASA is now operating more than 50 robotic spacecraft that are studying Earth and our solar system, with another 40 unmanned missions in development. Manned-flight supporters claim the problem with robotic machines is that they will only do what they are programmed to do and can only detect the expected. They say robots cannot be programmed to detect the unimaginable, the unknown, or the strange non-carbon life that may someday be encountered.

Pending Legislation: S.1756 - Advancing Human Spaceflight Act of 2021
Sponsor: Sen. John Cornyn (TX)
Status: Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Chair: Sen. Maria Cantwell (WA)



Options


  • I oppose reforming current space exploration policy and wish to donate resources to the campaign committee of Leader Charles Schumer (NY).
  • I support establishing programs and policies pertaining to human presence in space and require NASA to:

    1.) Establish a program to develop next-generation space suits and associated technologies.

    2.) Establish an outpost in orbit around the Moon and submit a plan for achieving a power supply on the Moon.

    3.) Declare that it is U.S. policy to continuously maintain the capability for a continuous human presence in low-Earth orbit through and beyond the useful life of the International Space Station (ISS).

    4.) Maintain U.S. global leadership and relations with partners and allies,
    contribute to the general welfare of the United States, and
    leverage commercial capabilities to promote affordability so as not to preclude a robust portfolio of other human space exploration activities.

    5.) Ensure that the ISS remains a viable and productive facility capable of potential U.S. use through at least 2030.

    6.) Submit a strategy that includes how it will transition to a successor platform to the ISS and conduct a study on the manner in which NASA funds missions of national need.

    And wish to donate resources to the campaign committee of Sen. Maria Cantwell (WA) and/or to an advocate group currently working with this issue.


Winning Option
  • I support establishing programs and policies pertaining to human presence in space and require NASA to:

    1.) Establish a program to develop next-generation space suits and associated technologies.

    2.) Establish an outpost in orbit around the Moon and submit a plan for achieving a power supply on the Moon.

    3.) Declare that it is U.S. policy to continuously maintain the capability for a continuous human presence in low-Earth orbit through and beyond the useful life of the International Space Station (ISS).

    4.) Maintain U.S. global leadership and relations with partners and allies,
    contribute to the general welfare of the United States, and
    leverage commercial capabilities to promote affordability so as not to preclude a robust portfolio of other human space exploration activities.

    5.) Ensure that the ISS remains a viable and productive facility capable of potential U.S. use through at least 2030.

    6.) Submit a strategy that includes how it will transition to a successor platform to the ISS and conduct a study on the manner in which NASA funds missions of national need.

    And wish to donate resources to the campaign committee of Sen. Maria Cantwell (WA) and/or to an advocate group currently working with this issue.
There has been $0.00 pledged in support of this issue
Trustee Candidates

If elected as a trustee, the campaign committee of Sen. Maria Cantwell (WA) will be unconditionally awarded the funds pledged to this issue along with a letter requesting her to favorably consider passing S.1756 - Advancing Human Spaceflight Act of 2021.

If elected as a trustee, Space Exploration Alliance will be awarded the funds pledged to this issue along with a letter requesting these funds be used to advocate for the exploration and development of outer space.

About: The Space Exploration Alliance (SEA) is a collaboration of leading non-profit organizations that advocate for the exploration and development of outer space, including Explore Mars, Inc., Federation of Galaxy Explorers, Moon Society, The Mars Society, National Society of Black Engineers, National Space Society, Buzz Aldrin's Human SpaceFlight Institute, and Students for the Exploration and Development of Space.
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Trustee Election - Opening Date
September 19, 2022
Trustee Election - Closing Date
September 26, 2022